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Chess is a strategy board game in which two players compete against each other. It is also known as Western chess or international chess to distinguish it from similar games like xiangqi and shogi.

Chess Game's Origins

Who Is the Inventor of Chess?

Chess has a long history, spanning decades and perhaps centuries! But who created the game that we all enjoy? What was the origin of this well-known mental practice that tens of millions of people participate in?

  • Chess is well-known around the world and is played by many people, yet its origins and roots are unclear and hotly debated.
  • Starting with controversy over where it came from and ending with when chess began, there is a range of legends, anecdotes, and simple guesses.
  • Most people may agree, however, that the established game was not formed by a single person because it is simply too complicated, with all its rules and principles, for a single simple human mind to have devised.
  • The game of chess was in a constant state of change until Wilhelm Steinitz became the first acknowledged World Chess Champion in 1886.
  • When we think of modern chess, we might have trouble recognizing it: from a game driven by intuitive decision-making to a battle between chess machines.

So, in this article, we'll look at the various origins of the game of chess and teach you the basics of chess history.

  • Chess grew in popularity over the world, and in the mid-nineteenth century, chess sets were standardized.
  • Chess sets were not uniform before the 1850s.
  • Jaques of London introduced Nathaniel Cooke's new style of pieces in 1849.
  • The best player of his generation, Howard Staunton, preferred the same pieces.
  • A new type of piece, the Staunton pattern, immediately gained popularity and was used in tournaments and clubs all over the world.
  • In tournament chess sets, the Staunton pieces, and modest variations are still extensively employed.

A Famous Legend in Chess History

  • Many children may even find a historical fable about the repressive Indian emperor Shahram and a brilliant guy in his nation in their math books.
  • The wise man wanted to persuade Shahram of the importance of each citizen of his realm.
  • As a result, he created a game to represent the kingdom, which contained the king, queen, rooks, bishops, knights, and pawns, all of whom were important.
  • The monarch appreciated the game and saw parallels between it and real life.
  • As a result, he ordered that everyone in his realm play chess!
  • The wise man was offered all the gold and silver he had.
  • He then took the king to a chessboard and instructed him to place one grain of wheat on the first square, two on the second, and so on until the chessboard was filled.
  • The monarch was upset at first, but he then told his staff to carry out the man's request.
  • The servants frantically stated that such a large quantity of wheat did not exist!
  • The king realized the wise man had taught him something new.
  • Like the pawns in chess, you should never neglect the small things in life!
  • One of the most well-known chess-related legends is this one.
  • There are, without a doubt, many more desired by Shahram, but he declined.

Chess Throughout History

Who Invented Chess: A Quick Overview

  • H. J. R. Murray was working on getting closer to the foundations of the game of chess one day.
  • To share his insights with the rest of the world, he decided to write "A History of Chess" in 1913.
  • Murray assumes in his book that chess originated in northern India, traveled to Persia, and then expanded over the Asian continent.
  • In the Eastern World, such as India and Persia, chess became an element of the nobility's courtly upbringing.
  • The games utilize phrases like "Shh!"– and "Shh Mt!. These words are extremely like the modern terms "check" and "checkmate."


How To Play Chess Board Game?

Let us see how to play chess below.

In 7 Easy Steps, You Can Begin Playing Chess

Learning to play chess, the world's most popular game is never too late! Chess rules are straightforward:

  1. Put together the chessboard.
  2. Work out how to get the pieces to move.
  3. Become familiar with the special rules.
  4. Figure out who is the first to act.
  5. Look at the winning guidelines.
  6. Look at the Fundamental Techniques.
  7. Playing a Wide Range of Games.

Step 1: How To Setup the Chessboard

  • The chess board is set up so that each player has the white or light color square in the bottom right-hand corner at the start of the game.
  • The chess pieces are always placed in the same pattern.
  • In the second row, the pawns are stacked.
  • The rooks are placed in the corners, followed by the knights adjacent to them, the bishops, and the queen, who always wears her matching color.

Step 2: Moving the Chess Pieces

  • Each of the six different sorts of pieces moves differently.
  • Pieces can't pass through other pieces though the knight can jump over them, and they can't move onto a square if one of their own is already occupied.
  • They can, however, be moved to take an opponent's piece that has been moved.
  • Pieces are frequently maneuvered into positions that allow them to capture other pieces, by landing on their square and then replacing them, protecting their pieces from capture, or controlling important game squares.

Below are the chess tricks on how to move King, Queen, Rook, Bishop, and Knight.

How Do You Move The King In Chess?

  • The king is the most crucial piece in the game, yet it is also the most vulnerable.
  • In each direction, the king can only move one square.
  • The monarch will never be able to control himself where he could be captured.
  • When the king is assaulted by another piece, the phrase "check" is used.

How To Move The Queen In Chess

  • The queen is the most powerful piece.
  • She is free to travel as far as she wishes in any straight direction - forward, backward, sideways, or diagonally - if she does not pass through any of her sections.
  • Capturing an opponent's piece, as with all pieces, ends the queen's turn.
  • Consider how the white queen takes the black queen and forces the black king to escape.

How To Move The Rook In Chess

  • Only forward, backward, and to the sides can the rook move.
  • The rooks are highly powerful pieces when they work together and protect each other!

How To Move The Bishop In Chess

  • The bishop has complete freedom of movement, but only in diagonal directions.
  • Each bishop starts with one color (light or dark) and must stay with that color throughout the game.
  • Bishops get along well because they can hide their weaknesses from each other.

How To Move The Knight In Chess

  • When compared to the other pieces, knights travel uniquely, moving two squares in one direction and then another at a 90-degree angle, making an "L" shape.
  • The only pieces with the capacity to move over other pieces are knights.
  • Pawns are unusual in that they may move and capture in two different ways: forward and diagonally.
  • Except for their first move, which permits them to advance two squares, pawns can only move forward one square at a time.
  • Pawns can only capture one tile diagonally in front of them.
  • In reverse, they are unable to move or capture. A pawn can't go past or capture a piece that's standing in front of it.

Step 3: Familiarize Yourself With the Rules of Chess

There are a few peculiar rules in chess that may appear strange at first.They were created to make the game more interesting and pleasant.

  • In chess, how do you promote a pawn? Pawns also have a special ability: if they make it to the other side of the board, they can transform into any other chess piece(a process known as promotion) and save the king (or pawn, for that matter).
  • A pawn can become a knight, bishop, rook, or queen by rising through the ranks.

How To Play "En Passant" In Chess

  • The final pawn rule is called "en passant," which is French for "in passing."
  • When a pawn moves two squares out on its first move and lands to the side of an opponent's piece (hoping past the other pawn's ability to capture it), the other pawn can capture the first pawn as it passes by.

How To Castle In Chess

  • Castling is a unique chess rule. This move accomplishes two important objectives in one move: bringing your king to safety ideally and getting your rook out of the corner and back into the game.
  • On his turn, a player may move his king two squares to one side, then move his rook from that side's corner to the opposite side's king.
  • However, to castle, the following prerequisites must be met:
  • This is the king's first move.
  • Because there are no pieces between the king and the rook to move the king, the rook must move first.
  • There's a chance the king won't be in check or pass-through check.
  • It's worth noting that the king is closer to the board's edge when you castle in one direction.
  • "Kingside" casting is the term for this type of casting. Casting "queenside" is casting to the opposite side of the queen's seat.
  • Regardless of which side he is on, the king always moves two squares upon casting.

Step 4: Decide Who Goes First in the Chess Game

  • Always, the player with the white pieces is the first to move.
  • As a result, players commonly decide who is white by chance or luck, such as by flipping a coin or having one player guess the color of the hidden piece in the other's hand.
  • White then makes a move, followed by black, white again, black, and so on until the game is finished.
  • Being the first to move gives the white player a slight edge, allowing him to attack right away.

Step 5: Go Over the Rules of Chess to See How to Win a Game

A chess game can be won or lost in a multitude of ways: checkmate, draw, resignation, time forfeit.

How To Checkmate In Chess

The object of the game is to checkmate your opponent's king. This happens when the king is restrained and is unable to flee.There are just three methods for a monarch to avoid check-in:

  • (Even if he can't castle!) get out of the way!
  • You can either block the check or capture the piece that is threatening the king with another piece.
  • If a king cannot avoid checkmate, the game is ended. The king is rarely captured or removed from the board; rather, the game is simply declared over.

Checkmate can occur early in the game if one of the players does not act wisely.

What Is The Best Chess Game Drawing Technique?

Chess games might end in a draw instead of a winner. For five reasons, a chess game can end in a draw:

  • The position enters a stalemate when it is one player's turn to move, but his king is not in check and he has no other legal move.
  • The players may just agree to a draw and call the game a draw.
  • Because there are insufficient pieces on the board, a checkmate cannot be for example: a king and a bishop vs. a king.
  • A player calls a draw if the same position is reproduced three times, though not necessarily three times in a row.
  • Neither player has moved a pawn or captured a piece for the past fifty moves.

Step 6: Study Chess Strategy Foundations.

Four fundamental concepts should be understood by every chess player:

Keep An Eye On Your King

Get your king to the far corner of the board, where he will be safe. Don't wait another day to start casting. You should castle as soon as feasible in general. It doesn't matter how close you are to checkmating your opponent if your king is checkmated first!

Don't Give Your Pieces Away

Don't let your pieces go astray! Because you can't win a game if you don't have enough checkmate pieces, each piece is crucial. The majority of players use a simple method to keep track of the relative value of each chess piece.

How Much are the Chess Pieces Worth?

  • One point is the value of a pawn.
  • Three points are awarded for a knight.
  • Three points are awarded for a bishop.
  • Five points is the value of a rook.
  • A queen has a value of nine.
  • Lastly, the value of the king is the highest!

These points have no value at the end of the game; they are merely a tool for making decisions throughout the game, such as when to capture, exchange, or make other moves.

Control the Center of the Chessboard

Strive to control the center of the chess board with your pieces and pawns. If you control the center, you will have more room to maneuver your pieces, and your opponent will have a harder time obtaining favorable squares for his pieces.

Use All of Your Chess Pieces to their Best Potential

Your pieces are meaningless if they are seated in the first row. Develop all of your pieces to increase your offensive possibilities against the king. Only one or two of the pieces are used. Attacking with one or two pieces will not work against any decent opponent.

Step 7: Play a Variety of Games to Put Your Talents to the Test

To enhance your chess skills, the most important thing you can do is play a lot of it! You must play the game frequently to develop, whether you play with friends or family at home or online. Nowadays, finding a chess game is not difficult.

After learning how to play chess, let us understand the chess rules.

Chess Rules:

  • The rules were already very similar to modern chess rules.
  • Murray describes the original chess mold, called Shatranj.
  • Eventually, he goes over the history of European medieval chess, including how it traveled from the Middle East to Russia and then to Western Europe.
  • Finally, in the third section of his chess history book, the author arrives at the origin of modern chess as we know it today in the nineteenth century.
  • From the Romantic to the Digital Era in Chess History Until the end of the 15th century, chess underwent various transformations, surviving both Christian Church censure and outright prohibitions.
  • The game did not take the shape of the current chess game until the 1880s.
  • Chess evolved a competitive aspect and set of rules over time, and it became increasingly popular among the general population.
  • Strategic planning and in-depth study of the theory were considered minor concerns.
  • There were concerns like fast tactical motifs and reliance on intuitive moves in the foreground.
  • The first chess competitions began to be held, culminating in the first official World Championship in 1886, with Wilhelm Steinitz becoming the first official World Chess Champion.
  • There were inclinations towards romantic chess play until the middle of the twentieth century when players depended on tactics and particularly dynamic play.
  • Chess was altered in the twentieth century with the development of databases, chess engines, and a range of ways for enjoyable and efficient strategical preparations.
  • The end of the romantic age and the beginning of a new technological, digitalized era were marked by the creation of chess websites and online chess game.

Few More Chess Game Rules

  • The players alternate moving one piece at a time, with White moving first.
  • It's vital to get up and move around. The position is known as a "Stalemate," and the game ends in a tie when a player's turn is to move and he is not under check but has no valid moves.
  • Each piece moves distinctively. A piece may be moved to a new location or captured and replaced on its square by an opponent's piece, en passant being the only exception.
  • Except for the knight, no piece may move over or through any other piece.
  • When a monarch is threatened with capture, it is called a check but can defend himself or flee.

Chess Tips & Tricks

Have a look at the chess tips and tricks listed below.

  • Figure out how to move. Each chess piece is only allowed to travel in one direction at a time.
  • Begin by placing a pawn on the table.
  • Dispatch the knights and bishops.
  • Keep an eye on your back! Place the pawn in front of the king or queen two squares forward.
  • Do not squander your time.
  • As quickly as possible, "castle".
  • Launch an attack in the "middlegame."
  • Carefully discard the pieces.
  • Avoid playing too quickly in the endgame to win.

Chess Rankings

A chess ranking system is a means of determining a player's power based on their performance in the game of chess against other players. They are also used by FIDE, the United States Chess Federation (USCF or US Chess), the International Correspondence Chess Federation, and the English Chess Federation. Although the majority of the systems are used to recalculate ratings after a tournament or match, several are also used to recalculate ratings after individual games. Popular online chess sites use check rankings as well.

In almost all chess ranking systems, a higher number indicates a more strong player. When players outperform expectations, their ratings climb, and when they underperform expectations, they fall. The extent to which the transition has taken place.

  • Senior master - 2400 and up.
  • National master-2200–2399.
  • Expert-2000–2199.
  • Class A1800–1999.
  • Class B1600–1799.
  • Class C1400–1599.
  • Class D1200–1399.
  • Class E1000–1199.
  • Class F800–999.
  • Class G600–799.
  • Class H400–599.
  • Class I200–399.
  • Class J100–1.

Poker Vs Chess

Unlike chess, poker contains secret information about the opponent's hole card. According to game theorists, chess is a game of perfect information, whereas poker is a game of imperfect information. In Chess, there is no such thing as a give-away when making a move because both poker players have all of the information. Poker game is exciting because players are given indications during the game and must use their mental abilities to overcome their opponents. You can play chess online with friends, and you can also play poker online with friends.

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Chess Game FAQs

1.) Why chess is bad for you?

Chess is not bad for you, but players might have to over-exercise their brains during tough chess competitions.

2.) Is chess a dying game?

No. Chess is an evergreen game.

3.) Is it healthy to play chess?

Yes. Chess is a good mind game.

4.) Does chess make you smarter?

Yes. Cheese improves your memory, mathematics, and cognitive skills.

5.) What is the rule of chess game?

The rule of chess game is ensuring your king piece’s safety and checkmating your opponent.